Off the shores of Alexandria, the city of Alexander the Great, lies what is believed to be the ruins of the royal quarters of Cleopatra. A team of marine archaeologists led by Frenchman Franck Goddio made excavation on this ancient city from where Cleopatra, the last queen of the Ptolemies, ruled Egypt. Historians believe this site was submerged by earthquakes and tidal waves more than 1,600 years ago.
The excavations concentrated on the submerged island of Antirhodus. Cleopatra is said to have had a palace there. Other discoveries include a well-preserved shipwreck and red granite columns with Greek inscriptions. There were also founded two statues which were lifted out of the harbor. One was a priest of the goddess Isis; the other a sphinx whose face is said to represent Cleopatra’s father, King Ptolemy XII. The artifacts were returned to their silent, because the Egyptian Government says it wants to leave most of them in place to create an underwater museum
In the early years of space flight, both Russians and Americans used pencils in space. Unfortunately, pencil lead is made of graphite, a highly conductive material. Snapped graphite leads and particles in zero gravity are hugely problematic, as they will get sucked into the air ventilation or electronic equipment, easily causing shorts or fires in the pure oxygen environment of a capsule.
After the fire in Apollo 1 which killed all the astronauts on board, NASA required a writing instrument that wasn’t a fire hazard. Fisher spent over a million dollars (of his own money) creating a pressurized ball point pen, which NASA bought at $2.95 each. The Russian space program also switched over from pencils shortly after.
40 years later snide morons on the internet still snigger about it, because snide morons on the internet never know what they are talking about.
Girls go to 42nd Street, New York, ca 1890, Unknown Photographer.
It is well known that Viking explorers used the sun and stars to navigate across open seas, but what did they do when the sun and stars weren’t visible? For centuries legends have told of various tools that Vikings used to help navigate, among them the fabled Sunstone. Now, researchers believe they have finally found one of these stones.
Until recently, nothing was found among Viking artifacts that matched descriptions from the sagas. However, researchers now believe the mythical sunstone was a calcite-like crystal known as Iceland spar. After extensive tests, researchers now believe that this crystal can be used as an incredibly accurate navigational aid.
Fragments of Iceland spar were first found, or first recognized, in Icelandic Viking settlements only last year.
Masks showing the work done by Anna Coleman Ladd of the American Red Cross for WWI soldiers. The top row are casts taken from soldiers’ mutilated faces, the bottom row shows masks of their faces before their injuries, made from pre-war photographs. On the table are masks made to fit over the disfigured part of the face. Photograph, 1918.
Caption from LIFE. “Other rebels in army uniform are hauled away tightly trussed in army trucks, after their capture by loyal army forces, for trial by Korean military tribunal.”
(Carl Mydans—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images)
This is the Enkoji Temple, which was built by Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1601. The temple’s garden called “Jugyo no Niwa” is famous for its beautiful autumn leaves.
when van gogh was out painting in a field some kids shot him by mistake while they were playing with their dad’s shotgun but he told everyone he shot himself so they wouldn’t get in trouble and then he DIED and for a long time everyone thought it was suicide but it wasn’t a suicide he was just trying to help the kids that’s the saddest thing in the world im gonna throw up
A fare odore.
To’ buona acqua rosa e mollatene ne le mani; di poi togli del fiore di spigo e frigate fre l’una mano e latria, ed è buono.
To make scent.
Take fresh rosewater and moisten your hands with it; then take flower of lavender and rub it between your hands, and it will be good.
“Italy is free, Italy will rise again.”
25th April 1945, Italian Liberation Day.
On 25th April 1945, Italy is liberated from Nazi occupation and the Fascist dictatorship is ended.
The Partisans, the group of resistance against the German invasion and the Fascist dictatorship, along with the American army, liberated Turin and Milan on April 25, 1945, and then freed the rest of Northern Italy, putting an end to the most painful and difficult historical period of Italy.
This is Sybil Ludington. Today is her birthday.
Sybil is not very well known and it’s a crying shame. The 16-year old was personally thanked by George Washington for her heroic feat, riding twice the distance of Paul Revere and warning the militia and rebellion sympathizers of the sacking of Danbury, CT. But thanks to Longfellow’s severely historically inaccurate poem, more people remember Revere’s ride than hers. *sighs*
By the way? Revere got captured by the British after his stint and had a ton of other riders out on the roads with him or to switch off with. Sybil Ludington was by herself, in the rain, and she beat highwaymen trying to stop her doing her duty WITH A STICK, still managing to get the job done and home safe.
Thanks, Syb. You should make everyone happy inside with your pure badassery.
Portrait of two Armenian fighters during the Hamidian Massacres, 1895.